Abate

Noun

  • Abatement. [from around 1400 until the late 1600s]
  • An Italian abbot, or other member of the clergy. [First attested in the early 18th century.]

Verb

  • (intransitive) To decrease in intensity or force; to subside. [attested since around 1150 to 1350]
  • (transitive) To cut away or hammer down, in such a way as to leave a figure in relief, as a sculpture, or in metalwork.
  • (transitive, law) To nullify; make void. [attested since the late 15th century]

    "to abate a writ"

  • (transitive, obsolete) To curtail; to deprive. [attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the mid 1800s]

    "Order restrictions and prohibitions to abate an emergency situation."

  • (transitive) To moderate; to lessen in force, intensity, to subside. [attested since around 1150 to 1350]
  • (transitive) To bar or except. [attested since the late 1500s]
  • (transitive, archaic) To destroy, or level to the ground. [attested since around 1350 to 1470]
  • (intransitive) To become null and void. [attested since the late 15th century]

    "The writ has abated."

  • (intransitive, obsolete) To be humbled; to be brought down physically or mentally. [attested from around 1150 to 1350 until the mid 1600s]
  • (intransitive) To decrease in size, value, or amount. [attested since 1325]
  • (transitive) To deduct or omit. [attested since around 1350 to 1470]

    "We will abate this price from the total."

  • (transitive, obsolete) To dull the edge or point of; to blunt. [attested from the mid 1500s till the late 1600s]
  • (intransitive, law) To enter a tenement without permission after the owner has died and before the heir takes possession. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (transitive, obsolete outside law) To put an end to; to cause to cease. [attested since about 1150 to 1350]

    "to abate a nuisance"

  • (transitive, obsolete) To humble; to lower in status; to bring someone down physically or mentally. [attested from around 1150 to 1350 until the mid 1600s]
  • (transitive) To reduce in amount, size, or value. [attested since 1325]

    "Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets."

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