Absolute

Adjective

  • (physics) Independent of arbitrary units of measurement not comparative or relative.
  • Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  • (education) Pertaining to a grading system based on the knowledge of the individual and not on the comparative knowledge of the group of students.
  • Having unlimited power, without limits set by a constitution, parliament, or other means; independent in ownership or authority. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  • (mathematics) Indicating an expression that is true for all real number; unconditional.
  • Authoritative; peremptory.
  • (obsolete) Disengaged from accidental circumstances. [Attested from around 1350 until 1470.]
  • (archaic) Certain; free from doubt or uncertainty, as a person or prediction. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • (of a case form) Syntactically connected to the rest of the sentence in an atypical manner; ablative absolute; nominative absolute; genitive absolute; accusative absolute. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (philosophy) Existing, able to be thought of, or able to be viewed without relation to other things. [First attested in the late 18th century.]

    "absolute motion"

  • (comparative, superlative) Expressing a relative term without a definite comparison.'[First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

    "Older in 'An older person should be treated with respect."

  • (philosophy) Fundamental; ultimate; intrinsic; free from the variability and error natural to the human way of thinking and perception. [First attested in the late 18th century.]
  • (obsolete) Absorbed in, as an occupation. [Attested only in the late 15th century.]
  • Relating to the absolute temperature scale.
  • Unconditional; free from any conditions, limitations, and relations; [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  • (dance) Utilizing the body to express ideas, independent of music and costumes.
  • Proceeding from or characteristic of an absolute ruler. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  • (obsolete) Absolved; free. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the mid 17th century.]
  • Real; actual. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (law) Complete; unconditional; final; without encumbrances; not liable to change or cancellation.
  • (of an adjective or possessive pronoun) Lacking a modified substantive. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

    "Hungry in 'Feed the hungry.'"

  • (philosophy) Existing, able to be thought of, or able to be viewed without relation to other things. [First attested in the late 18th century.]

    "Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations."

  • (Ireland, Wales) An inflected verb that is not preceded by any number of articles or compounded with a preverb. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • Having reference to or derived from the simplest manner from the fundamental units of mass, time, and length.
  • (figuratively) Complete; utter; outright; unmitigated; entire; total; not qualified or diminished in any way; unrestricted; without limitation. [First attested in the late 16th century.]

    "When caught, he told an absolute lie."

  • Absolutist; arbitrary; despotic. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  • (art) Concerned entirely with expressing beauty and feelings, lacking meaningful reference.
  • Positive; unquestionable; peremptory. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • (archaic) Complete in itself; perfect. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • Free from conditional limitations; operating or existing in full under all circumstances without variation. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • Standing by itself in a loose syntactical connection, and qualifying the sentence as a whole rather than any single word in it. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

    "Anyhow in 'anyhow, I made it home' is an absolute."

  • (philosophy) Existing, able to be thought of, or able to be viewed without relation to other things. [First attested in the late 18th century.]

    "absolute time or space"

  • (transitive) Having no direct object. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

    "Kill in 'If looks could kill...'"

Noun

  • (geometry) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
  • (philosophy, usually capitalized) The whole of reality; the totality to which everything is reduced.
  • Anything that is absolute. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
  • (philosophy, usually capitalized) The unity of spirit and nature; God.
  • That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]

    "moral absolutes"

  • (philosophy, usually capitalized) A realm which exists without reference to anything else; that which can be imagined purely by itself; absolute ego.
  • Concentrated natural flower oil, used for perfumes.

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