Absorb

Verb

  • (transitive, physics) in receiving sound energy without repercussion or echo.
  • (transitive) To occupy or consume time. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
  • (transitive) To defray the costs.
  • (transitive, obsolete) To engulf, as in water; to swallow up. [Attested from the late 15th century until the late 18th century.]
  • (transitive, physics) in receiving a physical impact or vibration without recoil.
  • (transitive) To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or in the pursuit of wealth. [First attested in the late 18th century.]
  • (transitive, business) To assume or pay for as part of a commercial transaction.
  • (transitive) To include so that it no longer has separate existence; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to incorporate; to assimilate; to take in and use up. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (transitive, physics, chemistry) To take in energy and convert it, as[First attested in the early 18th century.]

    "Heat, light, and electricity are absorbed in the substances into which they pass."

  • (transitive, physics) taking in radiant energy and converting it to a different form of energy, like heat.
  • (transitive) Assimilate mentally. [First attested in the late 19th century.]
  • (transitive) To accept or purchase in quantity.
  • (transitive) To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body; to chemically take in. [First attested in the early 17th century.]

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