- Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.
- Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
- Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]