Abstract

Adjective

  • Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (archaic) Absent-minded. [First attested in the early 16th century.]
  • (music) Absolute.
  • Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.
  • (now rare) Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (art, often capitalized) Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
  • Insufficiently factual.
  • (computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.
  • (obsolete) Derived; extracted. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 15th century.]
  • Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (art) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
  • (dance) Lacking a story.
  • (grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.

Noun

  • (real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.
  • An abridgement or summary of a longer publication. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (medicine) A powdered solid extract of a medicinal substance mixed with lactose.
  • (art) An abstract work of art. [First attested in the early 20th century.]
  • Concentrated essence of a product.
  • The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of larger item, or multiple items. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  • An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]

Verb

  • (transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  • (transitive, obsolete) To extract by means of distillation. [Attested from the early 17th century until the early 18th century.]
  • (transitive) To draw off (interest or attention).

    "He was wholly abstracted by other objects."

  • (intransitive, computing) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".

    "He abstracted out the square root function."

  • (transitive) To separate; to disengage. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  • (transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
  • (intransitive, reflexive, literally figuratively) To withdraw oneself; to retire. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
  • (intransitive, fine arts) To create abstractions.
  • (transitive, euphemistic) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  • (transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  • (intransitive, rare) To perform the process of abstraction.

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