Fall

Noun

  • An old Scots unit of measure equal to six ells.
  • (chiefly Canada, US, obsolete elsewhere, from the falling of leaves during this season) The time of the year when the leaves typically fall from the trees; autumn; the season of the year between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice. [from 16th c.]
  • (cricket, of a wicket) The action of a batsman being out.
  • A hairpiece for women consisting of long strands of hair on a woven backing, intended primarily to cover hair loss.
  • See falls
  • A reduction in quantity, pitch, etc.
  • (sports) A crucial event or circumstance.
  • (wrestling) An instance of a wrestler being pinned to the mat.
  • The part of the rope of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting.
  • The act of moving to a lower position under the effect of gravity.
  • A loss of greatness or status.

    "the fall of Rome"

  • (curling) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown into an area to drift in a given direction.
  • (informal, US) Blame or punishment for a failure or misdeed.

    "He set up his rival to take the fall."

Verb

  • To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; said of the face.
  • (obsolete) To let fall; to drop.
  • To be dropped or uttered carelessly.

    "An unguarded expression fell from his lips."

  • (intransitive) To happen, to change negatively.
  • (intransitive) To collapse; to be overthrown or defeated.

    "Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD."

  • (followed by a determining word or phrase) To become; to be affected by or befallen with a calamity; to change into the state described by words following; to become prostrated literally or figuratively.

    "Our senator fell into disrepute because of the banking scandal."

  • (transitive, obsolete) To bring forth.
  • To come down, to drop or descend.

    "The rain fell at dawn."

  • To become ensnared or entrapped; to be worse off than before.

    "to fall into error;  to fall into difficulties"

  • (transitive) To be moved downwards.
  • To begin with haste, ardour, or vehemence; to rush or hurry.

    "After arguing, they fell to blows."

  • (Britain, US, dialect, archaic) To fell; to cut down.

    "to fall a tree"

  • To occur (on a certain day of the week, date, or similar); said of an instance of a recurring event such as a holiday or date.

    "Thanksgiving always falls on a Thursday.  Last year, Commencement fell on June 3."

  • (intransitive) To become lower (in quantity, pitch, etc.).

    "The candidate's poll ratings fell abruptly after the banking scandal."

  • (transitive, obsolete) To diminish; to lessen or lower.
  • To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity.

    "Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground."

  • To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin.
  • To be brought to the ground.
  • To happen; to come to pass; to chance or light (upon).
  • (obsolete) To sink; to depress.

    "to fall the voice"

  • (copulative) To become.

    "She has fallen ill.  The children fell asleep in the back of the car.  When did you first fall in love?"

  • (intransitive, formal, euphemistic) To die, especially in battle or by disease.

    "This is a monument to all those who fell in the First World War."

  • (transitive) To be allotted to; to arrive through chance, fate, or inheritance.

    "And so it falls to me to make this important decision.  The estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals."

  • (heading, intransitive) To move downwards.
  • (intransitive, obsolete) To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; said of the young of certain animals.
  • To come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself.

    "He fell to the floor and begged for mercy."

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