- An exclamatory interjection roughly equivalent to 'by God', 'goodness gracious', 'for goodness' sake'.
"1905 That's the trouble -- it was too easy for you -- you got reckless -- thought you could turn me inside out, and chuck me in the gutter like an empty purse. But, by gad, that ain't playing fair: that's dodging the rules of the game. — Edith Wharton, House of Mirth."
- A pointed metal tool for breaking or chiselling rock, especially in mining.
- (Britain, US, dialect) A rod or stick, such as a fishing rod, a measuring rod, or a rod used to drive cattle with.
- (obsolete) A metal bar.
- A spike on a gauntlet; a gadling.
- A sharp-pointed object; a goad.
- (dated, metallurgy) An indeterminate measure of metal produced by a furnace, perhaps equivalent to the bloom, perhaps weighing around 100 pounds.
- (intransitive) To move from one location to another in an apparently random and frivolous manner.