• Identification as male/masculine, female/feminine, or something else, and association with a (social) role or set of behavioral and cultural traits, clothing, etc typically associated with one sex. (Compare gender role, gender identity.)
  • (grammar) Any division of nouns and pronouns (and sometimes of other parts of speech), such as masculine / feminine / neuter, or animate / inanimate.
  • (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: the sum of the biological characteristics by which male and female and other organisms are distinguished.

    "The effect of the medication is dependent upon age, gender, and other factors."

  • (obsolete) Class; kind.
  • (grammar) A division of nouns and pronouns (and sometimes of other parts of speech) into masculine and feminine, and sometimes other categories like neuter or common.
  • (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: a division into which an organism is placed according to its reproductive functions or organs.

    "the trait is found in both genders"

  • The sociocultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as "male" and "female", with each having associated clothing, roles, stereotypes, etc.
  • (grammar) Synonym of voice ‎(“particular way of inflecting or conjugating verbs”).


  • (sociology) To assign a gender to (a person); to perceive as having a gender; to address using terms (pronouns, nouns, adjectives...) that express a certain gender.
  • (archaic or obsolete) To breed.
  • (archaic) To engender.
  • (sociology) To perceive (a thing) as having characteristics associated with a certain gender, or as having been authored by someone of a certain gender.

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