- (intransitive) To live in miserable or disheartening conditions. [from 15th c.]
"He languished in prison for years"
- (intransitive, now rare) To affect a languid air, especially disingenuously. [from 18th c.]
- (intransitive) To pine away in longing for something; to have low spirits, especially from lovesickness. [from 14th c.]
"He languished without his girlfriend"
- (transitive, obsolete) To make weak; to weaken, devastate. [15th-17th c.]
- (intransitive) To lose strength and become weak; to be in a state of weakness or sickness. [from 14th c.]
- (intransitive) To be neglected; to make little progress, be unsuccessful. [from 17th c.]
"The case languished for years before coming to trial."