• (intransitive) To live in miserable or disheartening conditions. [from 15th c.]

    "He languished in prison for years"

  • (intransitive, now rare) To affect a languid air, especially disingenuously. [from 18th c.]
  • (intransitive) To pine away in longing for something; to have low spirits, especially from lovesickness. [from 14th c.]

    "He languished without his girlfriend"

  • (transitive, obsolete) To make weak; to weaken, devastate. [15th-17th c.]
  • (intransitive) To lose strength and become weak; to be in a state of weakness or sickness. [from 14th c.]
  • (intransitive) To be neglected; to make little progress, be unsuccessful. [from 17th c.]

    "The case languished for years before coming to trial."

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